Nearly 200,000 youths enter the adult criminal justice system each year, most for non-violent crimes. On any given day, 10,000 juveniles are housed in adult prisons and jails. 80 % of them are children of incarcerated parents.
According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), 2,220,300 adults were incarcerated in US federal and state prisons, and county jails in 2013 – about 0.91% of adults (1 in 110) in the U.S. resident population. Additionally, 4,751,400 adults in 2013 (1 in 51) were on probation or on parole.
In 2010, researchers from the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that about 1.9 million children younger than age 18 had a parent currently incarcerated. A more recent survey estimated that about 5 million children (approximately 7% of all minor children) had experienced the incarceration of a residential parent at some point during their childhood.